Top 10 Richest Countries In Europe (2023)

Europe has always been a wealthy continent. Therefore, the richest countries in Europe are usually among the top wealthiest world countries. Perhaps it is necessary to state that the word “countries” here does not refer to the expanse of land; but rather with the people that live in them, and with the quality of life they enjoy.

The standard metric for measuring this quality of life is the GDP per capita, which may be described as a kind of estimate of the total annual spending of the citizens of each country. The premise is that rich countries have rich citizens, and rich citizens have money with which to enjoy a high standard of life. Of course, other factors of importance include the availability of jobs, the availability of investment opportunities, good housing, and healthcare. We expand on these important factors in the concluding part of this article.

Of the seven continents in the world, Europe is undoubtedly the most developed, and definitely the one with the highest number of richest countries.  The continent has an area of 10,180,000 km and is surrounded on the north by the Arctic Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The continent has numerous global eye-catching structures and cities like Paris and London among others.

So, what are the richest countries in Europe?

Top 10 Richest Countries In Europe

1. Luxembourg

Luxembourg is a small landlocked country in Europe that is near France and Switzerland. The GDP Per Capita of Luxembourg is $110,870, and the country is quite well known for the quality of life of its citizens. Luxembourg’s economy is well managed, and benefits from year on year growth. Furthermore, the country has low inflation and low unemployment.

Luxembourg is well managed; the country has initiated a series of policies designed to diversify the economy; including sectors like technology, medical research, financial service technologies, Information Technology, Logistics, and many others. Luxembourg’s financial services industry accounts for 35% of the nation’s GDP.

The nation’s official languages are Luxembourgish, French, and German.  The country is one of the least populated with about six hundred thousand people. Luxembourg is one of the founding fathers of the European Union. With a reasonable part of its population being foreigners’ majorly from Portugal, Belgium France, Germany, and Italy, the country has integrated outsiders, yet still maintaining its national identity.

2. Ireland

Ireland is one of Europe’s richest countries by GDP per capita. The country owes its strong economy to impressive export figures, low inflation, and very good employment rates. Ireland does not burden its citizens with excessive taxes, and this enables them to invest further in the economy.

Even though much of Brexit’s implications are yet to be ascertained, Ireland is expected to continue to grow its economy, with such sectors as fishing, retail commerce, financial services, and technology all playing leading roles.

Ireland is a small country in North-western Europe, with its capital city being Dublin. The country is mostly surrounded by water, particularly the Atlantic ocean, the Celtic Sea on the south, and also the Irish sea to the east. The country has an area of 70,273 kilometres square, and a GDP Per capita of $77,450.  Irish and English are their official language.

Ireland’s economy is predominantly a high technology industry and services one, the country largely depends on foreign investments, and several multinational corporations are located there. Ireland is also a large exporter.

3. Norway

Norway is one of the richest countries in Europe with the highest living standards. This country is rich in natural resources and is one of Europe’s highest producers of oil. Norway depends quite heavily on revenue from oil, and the country has amassed a Sovereign Wealth Fund into which the money has been channeled, and which now pays for much of the country’s future development projects.

Norway also makes a lot of money from timber, agriculture, gas, and fish. Norwegian seafood is much loved around the world. Official Language is Norwegian, Sami, and Kven

Norway is located in the North-west of Europe, the country attained independence in 1905 having been ruled for many years by Denmark and Sweden. The country has a GDP Per capita of about $74,065 which undoubtedly makes it not only one of the richest countries in Europe but the world generally. The country also has a population of about 5 million. 

4. Switzerland

Switzerland is one of the best-managed countries in the world- and not surprisingly, one of the richest in Europe. The Swiss are famous for their banking system which is reputed to be one of the most efficient in the world. The Swiss banking system is still very important in the country; accounting for a large percentage of the country’s GDP. Another important sector in the economy of Switzerland is Pharmaceuticals; there is plenty of investment in the Swiss pharmaceutical industry.

Switzerland is located in Western-central Europe, the country is bordered by Italy to the south, Austria and Liechtenstein to the east, Germany to the north, and France to the west. The country’s official languages are German, French, Italian, and Romansh. The country has a population of about 8 million, with a GDP Per capita of about $80.190. Towns such as Zurich and Geneva in the Netherlands have been ranked as the best cities in the world in terms of quality of life. 

5. Netherlands

The Netherlands is a beautiful country with a cultural identity that is similar to Germany- one of the most well-managed countries in the world. It is, therefore, no surprise that this is one of the richest countries in Europe. The Netherlands has benefited from abundant natural gas deposits, but before that, there was industry, chemicals, machinery, agriculture, and services.

The Netherlands benefits heavily from international trade, financial services, and so on.

6. Iceland

Iceland is a model of economic management. The country ranks as one of the richest countries in Europe by GDP, even though it was severely affected by the economic meltdown of 2007-2010. Since then, proper management, and dedicated planning has seen the country make a full turnaround, and have set the economy of Iceland to go back on the right track.

The economy of Iceland is boosted by a booming tourism sector, as well as fishing, biotechnology, computer technology, and other sectors.

Iceland’s official Language is Icelandic and the country is located in the North Atlantic, its capital city is Reykjavik. The country is famous for its high level of volcanic activity. Iceland is a small and sparsely populated country, with a population of about 348,580, and it has a total area of 102, 775-kilometer square. The country has strong Scandinavian ties, and the official language is Icelandic.

7. Sweden

Sweden is a well-organized country that fully deserves to be one of the richest in Europe. The country is highly developed, and the citizens enjoy great government subsidies on things like housing, education, healthcare, and so on.

Sweden’s economy is boosted by oil, mining, agriculture, pulp, and of course services. The financial services sector in Sweden is also growing at a good rate. Sweden has quite some high taxes, but the government uses these monies to provide adequate services to the citizens.

Due to its work on renewable energy, Sweden is one of the world’s greenest economies. Historically, the Nation’s economy depended largely on fishing, though presently there are other sources, fishing still makes up a huge of Sweden’s export earnings. Tourism is also an important part of the nation’s revenue, there is also the heavy industry, and the growing high-tech sector, all of which have contributed to the wealth of the country. 

8. Germany

Germany is one of the economic capitals of Europe. For a long time, this has been a hub of manufacturing and technology. Germany has long played a leading role in Europe; this has been one of the forces holding the European Union together. The country is a dominant force in world economics; Germany is a major oil consumer, and a major producer of machinery, technology, food, and other things. German ports are one of the busiest in the world, and are German cities are very attractive business destinations.

The economy of Germany is supported by the production of motor vehicles, chemicals, equipment, and so many other finished products.

9. Austria

The fortunes of Austria have been for a long time intertwined with that of Germany. Austria has been making diplomatic moves in order to extend the reach of its international trade. Austria has since benefited from these new strategic alliances and has since become one of the richest countries in Europe.

Austria still has a lot of potential in banking, manufacturing, agriculture, technology, and services- which provides about 70% of the country’s GDP.

Austria’s official Language is Austrian German, a German-speaking country in Central Europe with a population of close to 9 million. The country is bordered by a host of other countries which include,  Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Slovakia, Slovenia, Italy, among others.

The country’s terrain is a highly mountainous one. With a GDP per capita of about $51,936. Austria has For a long time been ranked alongside the world’s richest countries. Most of the county is powered electrically by hydropower, and Tourism also serves as a reasonable part of the countries income. The country also has a highly developed social market economy. 

10. Denmark

Denmark is a great country with an ancient history. The country has a GDP per capita of about $51,643, making it one of Europe’s richest countries. As with other Nordic countries, there is a strong sense of responsibility in the government, which provides a lot of subsidies to citizens. These provisions are funded by taxes.

Denmark enjoys a free market economy and makes much of its money through international trade. The country is also a favorite tourist destination.



The richest countries in Europe are mostly industrialized countries with abundant energy resources. However, most of the countries in this list do not just have healthy economies that guarantee jobs; they also have plenty of government contributions directly to the lives of their citizens. Many of these countries have also invested significantly into future technology such as clean energy, so as to guarantee that they continue to enjoy this stability in the future.

We have been able to carefully discuss and unravel the list of the top wealthiest countries in Europe which includes their GDP and the population of each country which as a matter of fact contributed to the country growth in terms of economic and technological development which invariable influence their output making them top the table of the richest countries in the world.

Other countries in respect to this list have once been in the listing hierarchy but due to unstable economy and output, a recent publication has only looked at the current countries with the highest GDP and highest productivity which are exported to other countries.